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IMP ECONOMIC DEVELOPMNT PROGRAMMEES IN INDIA

Posted by Ashok kumar vemula Sunday, July 15, 2012


Employment Generation Programmes
S.No.
Employment Generation Programme
Year of Beginning
Objective/Description
 1
 Employment Guarantee Scheme of Maharashtra
1972
To assist the economically weaker sections of the rural society.
 2
 Crash Scheme for Rural Employmement (CSRE)
1972
 For rural employment
 3
 Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM)
1979 
 Program for Trainingrural youth for self employment.
 4
 Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
 1980
All-round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self employment.
 5
 National Rural Employment Program (NREP)
1980
To provide profitable employment opportunities to the rural poor.
 6
 Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program (RLEGP)
1983
For providing employment to landless farmers and laborers.
 7
 Self-employment to the Educated Unemployed Youth (SEEUY)
1983
To provide financial and technical assistance for self-employment. 
 8
 Self-Employment programme for Urban Poor (SEPUP)
1986
To provide self employment to urban poor through provision of subsidy and bank credit.
 9
 Jawahar Rozgar Yojana
1989
For providing employment to rural unemployed.
 10
 Nehru Rozgar Yojana
1989
For providing employment to urban unemployed.
 11
 Scheme of Urban Wage Employment (SUWE)
1990
To provide wages employment after arranging the basic facilities for poor people in the urban areas where population is less than one lakh.
 12
 Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)
1993
To provide employment of at least 100 days in a year in village.
 13
 Swarnajayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
1997
To provide gainful employment to urban unemployed and under employed poor through self employment or wage employment.
 14
 Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SYGSY)
1999
For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment and promoting self employment.
 15
 Jai Prakash Narayan Rojgar Guarantee Yojana (JPNRGY)
Proposed in 2002-03 budget
Employment guarantee in most poor distt.
 16
 National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
2006
To provide atleast 100 days wage employment in rural areas.
 17
 Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana
 2001
To provide wage employment and food security in rural areas and also to create durable economic ans social assets.
 18
 Food for Work Programme
  2001
To give food thrugh wage employment in the drought affected areas in eight states. Wages are paid by the state governments partly in cash and partly in foodgrains.
 19
 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
 2005
To create a right based framework for wage employment programmes and makes the government legally bound to provide employment to those who seek it.
 20
Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)
2008
To generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of new self-employment ventures/projects/micro enterprises.





Child Welfare Programmes
S.No.
Child Welfare Programmes
Year of Beginning
Objectives/Description
 1
 Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)
 1975
It is aimed at enhancing the health, nutrition and learning opportunities of infants, young children (O-6 years) and their mothers.
 2
Creche Scheme for the children of working mothers
2006
Overall development of children, childhood protection, complete immunisation, awareness generation among parents on malnutrition, health and education.
 3
 Reproductive and Child Health Programme
 1951
To provide quality Integrated and sustainable Primary Health Care services to the women in the reproductive age group and young children and special focus on family planning and Immunisation.
 4
 Pulse Polio Immunization Programme
 1995
To eradicate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against polio virus.
 5
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
 2001
All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ' Back-to-School' camp by 2003; all children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007 ; all children complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010 ; focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life ; bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010 ; universal retention by 2010
 6
 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
 2004
To ensure access and quality education to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level.
 7
 Mid-day meal Scheme
 1995
Improving the nutritional status of children in classes I – VIII in Government, Local Body and Government aided schools, and EGS and AIE centres.Encouraging poor children, belonging to disadvantaged sections, to attend school more regularly and help them concentrate on classroom activities.
Providing nutritional support to children of primary stage in drought-affected areas during summer vacation.
 8
 Integrated programme for Street Children
 1993
Provisions for shelter, nutrition, health care, sanitation and hygiene, safe drinking water, education and recreational facilities and protection against abuse and exploitation to destitute and neglected street children.
 9
 The National Rural Health Mission
2005
Reduction in child and maternal mortality, universal access to public services for food and nutrition , sanitation and hygiene and universal access to public health care services with emphasis on services addressing women's and children's health universal immunization, etc.




Anti Poverty Programmes
 S.No.
Anti Poverty Programmes
Year of Beginning
Objective/Description
 1
 Antodaya Yojana
1977
To make the poorest families of the village economically independent (only in Rajasthan)
 2
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
1999
Assistance is given to the poor families living below the poverty line in rural areas for taking up self employment.
 4
 Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
2001
Providing gainful employment for the rural poor.
 6
 Employment Assurance Scheme
1993
To provide gainful employment during the lean agricultural season in manual work to all able bodied adults in rural areas who are in need and desirous of work, but can not find it..
 7
 Pradhanmantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY)
2000
Focus on village level development in 5 critical areas, i.e. primary health, primary education, housing, rural roads and drinking water and nutrition with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural areas. 
 8
 National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS)
2006
To provide legal guarantee for 100 days of wage employment to every household in the rural areas of the country each year, To combine the twin goals of providing employment and
asset creation in rural areas
 9
Swarnajayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJRY)
1997
It seeks to provide employment to the urban unemployed lying below poverty line and educate upto IX standard through encouraging the setting up of self employment ventures or provision of wage employment.
 10
 Antidaya Anna Yojana
2000
It aims at providing food securities to poor families.
 11
National Housing Bank Voluntary Deposit Scheme
1991
To utilize black money for constructing low cost housing for the poor.
 12
Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
1980
All Round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self employment.
 13
Development of Women and Chidren in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
1982
To provide suitable opportunities of self employment to the women belonging to the rural families who are living below the poverty line.
 14
National Social Assistance Programme
1995
To assist people living below the poverty line.
 15
Jan Shree Bima Yojana
2000
Providing insurance security to people below poverty line.
 16
Jai Prakash Narayan Rojgar Guarantee Yojana
Proposed in 2002-03 budget
Employment Guarantee in most poor districts.
 17
Shiksha Sahyog Yojana
2001
Education of Children below poverty line.


Women Empowerment Programmes
S.No.
Women Empowerment Programmes
Location
Year Of Estb.
 1
 Support to Training and employment Programme for Women (STEP)
 2003-04
To increase the self-reliance and autonomy of women by enhancing their productivity and enabling them to take up income generaion activities.
 2
 Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK)
1993
To promote or undertake activities for the promotion of or to provide credit as an instrument of socio- economic change and development through the provision of a package of financial and social development services for the development of women.
 3
 Rashtriya Mahila Kosh
 1993
To facilitate credit support or micro-finance to poor
women to start income generating activities such
as dairy, agriculture, shop-keeping, vending,
handicrafts etc.
 4
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) – ‘Sabla’
2010
It aims at empowering Adolescent girls of 11 to 18 years by improving their nutritional and health status, up gradation of home skills, life skills and vocational skills.
 5
Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB)
 1953
To promote social welfare activities and implementing welfare programmes for women and children through voluntary organizations.
 6
  Rashtriya Mahila Kosh - (National Credit Fund for Women)
 1993
It extends micro-finance services through a client friendly and hassle-free loaning mechanism for livelihood activities, housing, micro-enterprises, family needs, etc to bring about the socio-economic upliftment of poor women.
 7
 Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)
 ----
To improve the health and
nutrition status of pregnant, lactating women and infants
 8
 SwayamSiddha
 2001
At organizing women into Self-Help Groups to form a strong institutional base.
 9
Short Stay Home for Women and Girls (SSH)
1969
To provide
temporary shelter to women and girls who are in social and moral danger due to family problems,
mental strain, violence at home, social ostracism, exploitation and other causes.
 10
Swadhar
1995
To support women to become independent in spirit, in thought, in action and have full control over their lives rather than be the victim of others actions.
 11
Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)
1986
To mobilise women in small viable groups and make facililies available through training and access to credit, to plovide training for skill upgradation, etc.
 12
Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
1982
To improve the socio-economic status of the poor women in
the rural areas through creation of groups of women for income-generating activities on a self-sustaining
basis. The
 13
Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women
1983
Aims at the socio-economic empowerment of women

S.No.
Child Labor Programme
Year of Beginning
Objective/Description
 1
 Child Labor Eradication Programme
1994
To shift child labor from hazardous industried to schools.
 2
National Authority for the Elimination of Child Labour (NAECL)
1994
Laying down the policies and programs for the elimination of child labour, especially in the hazardous industries, etc.
 3
 National Child Labour Project Scheme (NCLP)
 1998
Establishment of special schools for child labour who are withdrawn from work.
 4
 Education Department and District Primary Education Program (DPEP)
 1994
To revitalise the primary education system and to achieve the objective of universalisation of primary education for young children.
 5
 International Programme for Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC)
1991
To contribute to the effective abolition of child labor in India
 6
 National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)
 2007
To protect, promote and defend child rights in the country.
 7
National Policy on Child Labour
1987
General development programmes benefiting
children wherever possible. Project-based
approach in the areas of high concentration
of child labourers.

Agricultural Development Programmes
S.No.
Agricultural Development Programme
Year of Beginning
Objective/Description
 1
 Intensive Agriculture Development Program (IADP)
1960
To provide loan , seeds , fertilizer tools to the farmers.
 2
 Intensive Agriculture Area Program (IAAP)
1964
To develop the special harvest.
 3
 High Yielding Variety Program (HYVP)
1966
To increase productivity of foodgrains by adopting latest varieties of inputs for crops.
 4
 Green Revolution
1966
To increase the foodrains , specially food production.
 5
 Nationalization of 4 banks
1969
To provide loans for agriculture , rural development and other priority sector.
 6
 Marginal Farmer and Agriculture Labor Agency (MFALA)
1973
For technical and financial assistance to marginal and small farmer and agricultural labor. 
 7
 Small Farmer Development Agency (SFDA)
1974
For technical and financial assistance to small farmers.
 8
 Farmer Agriculture Service Centres (FASC)
1983
To popularize the use of improved agricultural instruments and tool kits. 
 9
 Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme
1985
For insurance of agricultural crops.
 10
 Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief Scheme (ARDRS)
1990
To exempt bank loans upto Rs. 10,000 of rural artisans and weaver.
 11
Intensive Cotton Development Programme (ICDP)
2000
To enhance the production, per unit area through (a) technology transfer, (b) supply of quality seeds, (c) elevating IPM activities/ and (d) providing adequate and timely supply of inputs to the farmers .
 12
Minikit Programme for Rice, Wheat & Coarse Cereals
1974
To increase the productivity by popularising the use of newly released hybrid/high yielding varieties and spread the area coverage under location specific high yielding varieties/hybrids.
 13
Accelerated Maize Development Programme (AMDP)
1995
To increase maize production and productivity in the country from 10 million tonnes to 11.44 million tonnes and from 1.5 tonnes/hectare to 1.80 tonnes/hectare respectively upto the terminal year of 9th Plan i.e. 2001-2002 (revised).
 14
National Pulses Development Project (NPDP)
1986
To increase the production of pulses in the country to achieve self sufficiency.
 15
Oil Palm Development Programme (OPDP)
1992
To promote oil palm cultivation in the country.
 16
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils development Board (NOVOD)
1984
The main functions of the NOVOD Board are very comprehensive and cover the entire gamut of activities associated with the oil seeds and vegetable oil industry including – production, marketing, trade, storage, processing, research and development, financing and advisory role to the formulation of integrated policy and programme of development of oil seeds and vegetable oil.
 17
Coconut Development Board
1981
To increase production and productivity of coconut
To bring additional area under coconut in potential  non-traditional areas
To develop new technologies for product  diversification and by-product utilisation
To strengthen mechanism for transfer of technologies
To elevate the income level of small and marginal farmers engaged in coconut cultivation.
To build up sound information basis for coconut industry and market information
To generate ample employment opportunities in the rural sector.
 18
Watershed Development Council (WDC)
1983
Central Sector Scheme(HQ Scheme)


Various Development Programmes
S.No.
Development Programmes
Year of Beginning
Objective/Description
 1
 Housing and Urban Development Corporation
1970
Loans for the development of housing and provision of resources for technical assistance.
 2
 Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
1993
To sanction Rs. 1 Crore per year to every member of Parliament for various development works in their respective areas through DM districts.
 3
 Scheme for Infrastructural Development in Mega Cities (SIDMC)
1993
To provide capital through special institutions for water supply, sewage, , drainage, urban 
 4
 Scheme of Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns
Sixth five year plan
To provide resources and create employment in small and medium towns for for prohibiting the migration of population from rural areas to big cities.
 5
 District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)
1993
To provide financial assistance for rural development.
 6
 National Slum Development Programme
1996
Development of Urban Slums.
 7
 Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
1980
All-round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self employment.
 8
 Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
1982
To provide suitable opportunities of self employment to the women belonging to the rural families who are living below the poverty line.

S.No.
National Health Programmes
Year of Beginning
Objective/Description
 1
National Cancer Control Programme
 1975
Primary prevention of cancers by health education regarding
hazards of tobacco consumption and necessity of genital hygiene for prevention of cervical cancer, etc.
 2
 National Program of Health Care for the Elderly (NPHCE)
2010
To provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative services to the elderly persons at various level of health care delivery system of the country, etc.
 3
 National Program for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD)
 ----
To prevent the avoidable hearing loss on account of disease or injury, etc.
 4
 District Mental Health Program (NMHP)
1982
To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of population.
 5
National Cancer Registry Programme
1982
To provide true information on cancer prevalence and incidence.
 6
National Tobacco Control Program
2007
Preventing the initiation of smoking among young people, educating, motivating and assisting smokers to quit smoking, etc.
 7
National Leprosy Eradication Program
started in 1955, launched in 1983
To arrest the disease activity in all the known cases of leprosy.
 8
 Universal Immunization Program (UIP)
 1985
To achieve self-sufficiency in vaccine production and the manufacture of cold-chain equipment for storage purpose, etc.
 9
National Vector Borne Disease Control Program
 ----
For the prevention and control of vector borne diseases

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